As different types of people moved in to Western North Carolina, they exchanged their building practicies along with the Native Americans in the mountains to create homes, barns, and other buildings that best suited the enviroment and used what was avalible to them. Shelter on the Mountain: Barns and Building Traditons of the Southern Highlands explores not only how various groups from Europe and North America shaped the building stuctures in the Southern Highlands, but also features authentic 19th century tools that would have been used. The tools come from the Mountain Gateway Museum's artifact collection while the exhibit was designed by Mars Hill University.
While log cabins, frame farmhouses, and early inns are featured in this exhibit, it is the barns that capture the spotlight. The earliest extant barns in the mountain region were used to house livestock, harvested grains, and the tools and equipment needed for subsistence farming. These massive structures are still easily recognizable by their steep “A” gable roofs, log pens originally used as animal stalls, and timber-framed, end-latticed lofts. As time went on and needs changed, many of these buildings were either adpated or torn down for new ones.
This exhibit runs till August of 2018.